Binary banking information system audit ppt


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Home Topics Consumer Tech Peripherals digitization. This was last updated in April Related Terms channel partner A channel partner is a person or organization that provides services or sells products on behalf of a software, hardware, Add My Comment Register. Login Forgot your password? Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an email containing your password. Your password has been sent to: Please create a username to comment. It doesn't have to be!

Digitization just mean to convert from a continuous domain into a discrete domain from something not countable into something countable, from latin Digitus means amongst other things "finger".

It's a mathematical property. So this is probably why digitization often is interpreted as "making data into binary computer language". There is a multitude of malware. This is partly due to the variety of operating systems on smartphones.

However attackers can also choose to make their malware target multiple platforms, and malware can be found which attacks an OS but is able to spread to different systems. To begin with, malware can use runtime environments like Java virtual machine or the. They can also use other libraries present in many operating systems. In practice, this type of malware requires a connection between the two operating systems to use as an attack vector.

Memory cards can be used for this purpose, or synchronization software can be used to propagate the virus. The security mechanisms in place to counter the threats described above are presented in this section. They are divided into different categories, as all do not act at the same level, and they range from the management of security by the operating system to the behavioral education of the user. The threats prevented by the various measures are not the same depending on the case.

Considering the two cases mentioned above, in the first case one would protect the system from corruption by an application, and in the second case the installation of a suspicious software would be prevented. The first layer of security in a smartphone is the operating system OS. Beyond needing to handle the usual roles of an operating system e. A central paradigm in mobile operating systems is the idea of a sandbox. Since smartphones are currently designed to accommodate many applications, they must have mechanisms to ensure these applications are safe for the phone itself, for other applications and data on the system, and for the user.

If a malicious program reaches a mobile device, the vulnerable area presented by the system must be as small as possible. Sandboxing extends this idea to compartmentalize different processes, preventing them from interacting and damaging each other. Based on the history of operating systems, sandboxing has different implementations. For example, where iOS will focus on limiting access to its public API for applications from the App Store by default, Managed Open In allows you to restrict which apps can access which types of data.

Above the operating system security, there is a layer of security software. This layer is composed of individual components to strengthen various vulnerabilities: It contains software components that have learned from their experience with computer security; however, on smartphones, this software must deal with greater constraints see limitations.

A mobile antivirus product would scan files and compare them against a database of known mobile malware code signatures. When an application passes the various security barriers, it can take the actions for which it was designed.

When such actions are triggered, the activity of a malicious application can be sometimes detected if one monitors the various resources used on the phone.

Depending on the goals of the malware, the consequences of infection are not always the same; all malicious applications are not intended to harm the devices on which they are deployed. The following sections describe different ways to detect suspicious activity. The various points mentioned above are only indications and do not provide certainty about the legitimacy of the activity of an application.

However, these criteria can help target suspicious applications, especially if several criteria are combined. Network traffic exchanged by phones can be monitored. One can place safeguards in network routing points in order to detect abnormal behavior.

As the mobile's use of network protocols is much more constrained than that of a computer, expected network data streams can be predicted e. In the production and distribution chain for mobile devices, it is the responsibility of manufacturers to ensure that devices are delivered in a basic configuration without vulnerabilities. Most users are not experts and many of them are not aware of the existence of security vulnerabilities, so the device configuration as provided by manufacturers will be retained by many users.

Below are listed several points which manufacturers should consider. Much malicious behavior is allowed by the carelessness of the user. Smartphone users were found to ignore security messages during application installation, especially during application selection, checking application reputation, reviews and security and agreement messages. This precaution is especially important if the user is an employee of a company that stores business data on the device.

Detailed below are some precautions that a user can take to manage security on a smartphone. These statistics show consumers are not concerned about security risks because they believe it is not a serious problem. The key here is to always remember smartphones are effectively handheld computers and are just as vulnerable. Latest Android Smartphones come with an inbuilt encryption setting for securing all the information saved on your device. It makes it difficult for a hacker to extract and decipher the information in case your device is compromised.

Here is how to do it, [70]. These precautions are measures that leave no easy solution to the intrusion of people or malicious applications in a smartphone. If users are careful, many attacks can be defeated, especially phishing and applications seeking only to obtain rights on a device.

One form of mobile protection allows companies to control the delivery and storage of text messages, by hosting the messages on a company server, rather than on the sender or receiver's phone.

When certain conditions are met, such as an expiration date, the messages are deleted. The security mechanisms mentioned in this article are to a large extent inherited from knowledge and experience with computer security. The elements composing the two device types are similar, and there are common measures that can be used, such as antivirus software and firewalls. However, the implementation of these solutions is not necessarily possible or at least highly constrained within a mobile device.

The reason for this difference is the technical resources offered by computers and mobile devices: Furthermore, it should be noted that it is common to find that updates exist, or can be developed or deployed, but this is not always done. One can, for example, find a user who does not know that there is a newer version of the operating system compatible with the smartphone, or a user may discover known vulnerabilities that are not corrected until the end of a long development cycle, which allows time to exploit the loopholes.

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Android malware detection by network traffic analysis. Modeling epidemic spreading in mobile environments. Mulliner, Collin Richard University of California, Santa Barbara. Pandya, Vaibhav Ranchhoddas San Jose State University. Raboin, Romain December Ruggiero, Paul; Foote, Jon. Proceedings of 15th International Linux Kongress. Smartphone Malware Evolution Revisited: Thirumathyam, Rubathas; Derawi, Mohammad O. Journal in Computer Virology. Websites [ edit ] European Telecommunications Standards Institute Archived from the original on 12 May Chong, Wei Hoo November Fourth International Conference on Information Technology, Jansen, Wayne; Scarfone, Karen October National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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